Eastern Sumbanese Bird Classification and Nomenclature: Additions and Revisions

Gregory Forth

Abstract


Expanding on previously published research into folk classification of birds in the eastern part of the Indonesian island of Sumba, this article reports new information on bird categories and classification recorded by the author in 2015. New folk taxa are described and identified and scientific identifications for previously reported taxa are added or revised. Information on local bird classification from the Kambera region is compared with data recorded in the 1970s in the district of Rindi, and these are shown to reveal only minor differences. Employing Berlin’s well-known analytical scheme, the main features of the taxonomy are summarized and totals are enumerated for monotypic and polytypic folk-generics and both named and unnamed (covert) folk-intermediates. Additional information is provided concerning symbolic uses of bird categories, including bird names used as place names and local beliefs about nightjars (Camprimulgus spp.) which correspond to ideas encountered on the ethnozoologically better-known neighboring island of Flores.


Keywords


Bird classification; Folk taxonomic analysis; Bird names; Sumba Island; Eastern Indonesia

Full Text:

PDF HTML

References


Atran, S. 1983. Covert Fragmenta and the Origin of the Biological Family. Man 18:51–71.

Berlin, B. 1992 Ethnobiological Classification: Principles of Categorization of Plants and Animals in Traditional Societies. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.

Blust, R. 2002. The History of Faunal Terms in Austronesian Languages. Oceanic Linguistics 41:89–139.

Coates, B. J., and K. D. Bishop. 1997. A Guide to the Birds of Wallacea: Sulawesi, the Moluccas and Lesser Sunda Islands. Dove Publications, Alderley, Australia.

Dammerman, K. W. 1926. Soembaneesche Dieren- En Plantennamen. Tijdschrift voor Indische Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 66:205–239.

Forth, G. 2000. Eastern Sumbanese Bird Classification. Journal of Ethnobiology 20:161–192.

Forth, G. 2004. Nage Birds: Classification and Symbolism among an Eastern Indonesian People. Routledge, New York, NY.

Forth, G. 2016. Why the Porcupine is not a Bird: Explorations in the Folk Zoology of an Eastern Indonesian People. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Canada.

Kapita, O. H. 1982. Kamus Sumba/Kambera-Indonesia. Percetakan Arnoldus, Ende, Indonesia.

Klamer, M. 2009. The Use of Language Data in Comparative Research: A note on Blust (2008) and Onvlee (1984). Oceanic Linguistics 48:250–263.

Olivier, J. 1931. Inheemsche Taxonomie. De Tropische Natuur 20:1–4.

Onvlee, L. 1984. Kamberaas (Oost-Soembaas)-Nederlands Woordenboek. Foris Publications, Dordrecht, Holland.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14237/ebl.7.1.2016.572

Copyright (c) 2016 Gregory Forth

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.