Wildlife Hunting and Utilization in Ulu Baleh, Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo

  • Melynda Cheok Ka Yi Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Sarawak, Malaysia.
  • Jayasilan Mohd-Azlan Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Sarawak, Malaysia.
Keywords: Hunting, Conservation, Wildlife utilization, Ulu Baleh, Sarawak


Poaching is one of the greatest immediate threats and a serious conservation challenge facing wildlife in Borneo. Medium- to large-sized mammals, while charismatic, are hunted for consumption and sale. This study focuses on wildlife hunting and utilization of selected communities in a remote area in Sarawak, conducted using interview surveys within communities who hunt wildlife in Ulu Baleh. The calculated hunting pressure index in Ulu Baleh (2.24) is considered low compared to other parts of Sarawak. Local communities are dependent on wildlife protein and medicine. Even though the common hunting offtake included the bearded pig and deer species, for the hunter’s own consumption, hunters were opportunistic in taking non-target species and selling surplus meat. Lack of awareness of the implications of unsustainable hunting and difficulty in monitoring by the relevant authorities appear to be the main challenges to wildlife conservation in the area. This paper highlights the lack of research documenting wildlife utilization in the Ulu Baleh region and the implication of these results are particularly important for future adaptive wildlife management, especially for species of conservation importance in Sarawak.

Author Biographies

Melynda Cheok Ka Yi, Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Sarawak, Malaysia.

Melynda Cheok holds a MSc. in Zoology from Universiti Malaysia Sarawak and investigated the effects on hunting on terrestrial mammals of interior Sarawak for her postgraduate studies. She is passionate about biodiversity and its conservation. She currently works as a centre coordinator at the Bornean Sun Bear Conservation Centre focusing on environmental education and awareness programs.

Jayasilan Mohd-Azlan, Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Sarawak, Malaysia.

Jayasilan Mohd-Azlan works at the Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation at the Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.


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How to Cite
Cheok Ka Yi, M., & Mohd-Azlan, J. (2020). Wildlife Hunting and Utilization in Ulu Baleh, Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo. Ethnobiology Letters, 11(1), 76-84. https://doi.org/10.14237/ebl.11.1.2020.1647
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