Palaeoethnobotanical Data from the High Mountainous Early Bronze Age Settlement of Tsaghkasar-1 (Mt. Aragats, Armenia)
Palaeoethnobotanical investigations suggest that at least part of the Early Bronze Age population of Tsaghkasar was settled and practiced agriculture in the high mountainous zone. People there appear to have cultivated hexa‐ and tetraploid wheats (probably bread wheat and emmer) and barley (possibly hulled). Bronze Age agriculture in the Southern Caucasus differs from earlier and later period when cultivation of pulses, oil‐producing plants, and other plants was common. This emphasis on the cultivation and use of certain cereal grains at Early Bronze sites such as Tsaghkasar can tentatively be added to a constellation of practices associated with the Kura‐Araxes culture in the South Caucasus.
Avetisyan, P. 2009. Report of 2008 excavation season of Tsaghkasar-1 Early Bronze Age settlement. Reports of archaeological field-work (2008) of Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography NAS RA, Part 1, Yerevan, pp. 189-194 (in Armenian).
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Aknashen. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 17:63-71.
Hovsepyan, R. 2009. The palaeobotanical remains from Early Bronze Age Gegharot (Appendix 2). In: Badalyan, R., A. T. Smith, I. Lindsay, L. Khatchadourian, P. Avetisyan, with appendices by B. Monahan and R. Hovsepyan. 2009. Village, Fortress, and Town in Bronze and Iron Age Southern Caucasia: A preliminary report on the 2003-2006 investigations of Project ArAGATS on the Tsaghkahovit Plain, Republic of Armenia. ArchäologischeMitteilungen aus Iran und Turan 40:45-105.
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Main Phases of Development). Paper Presented at the 15th Conference of the International Work Group for Palaeoethnobotany. Wilhelmshaven, Germany (www.nihk.de).
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